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AUA Oriental Art

ANNAMESE STONEWARE WITH COBALT UNDERGLAZE BLUE, HOI AN HOARD, LATE 15TH CENTURY, LE DYNASTY

ANNAMESE STONEWARE WITH COBALT UNDERGLAZE BLUE, HOI AN HOARD, LATE 15TH CENTURY, LE DYNASTY

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Lively birds flit across the body of this pear-shaped vase. The cobalt blue of the underpainting remains dark, even though the clear glaze of the surface has worn away after centuries under the sea. There was remarkable variation in the condition of the ceramics recovered from the Hội An shipwreck: some appear like they were made yesterday, while others are marked by marine encrustation, staining, and faded glazes. Variation also is apparent in the skills of the painters. Some of the underpainting appears hurried—understandable considering the mass production of these ceramics. But other pieces are delicately painted with greater care and presumably meant for a different market.


Dates : 15th century Le Dynasty
Region : North Annam
Type : Yuhuchun Vase
Found/Acquired : Southeast Asia , South China Sea, Hoi An Ship
Size : 24cm(Height)
Reference :
1) Seattle Art Museum - Gift of Mary and Cheney Cowles, 2000.125.
2) Butterfield Treasures Hoi An Hoard Auction Catalogs / San Francisco Butterfields 2000
3) Asian art museum, San Francisco

 

* Vietnamese trade ceramics

Around the mid-14th century, Vietnam developed its ceramics production technology by producing blue and white porcelain, and began to export it overseas. During this period, China Ming Dynasty implemented a policy of lifting the ban from 1371 to 1657 and restricted foreign trade. This served as a good opportunity in the trade history of Vietnamese ceramics, and ceramic exports boomed from the late 15th to the 16th century, expanding sales channels not only to Southeast Asia but also to Japan, the Middle East, and several European countries.

During 15~16th century, Vietnam's international trade policy became much more liberal than in the past. In northern Vietnam, commerce became more active as markets were formed around ports, riverine ports, and handicraft villages. This led to the emergence of many large commercial centers such as Phố Hiến, Thăng Long and Hội An.

Through this, Vietnam's international trade and economy also grew significantly. In the above commercial area, stores of European merchants from the Netherlands, England, France, and Portugal were opened and operated. Merchants from many countries around the world entered Vietnam and engaged in intermediate trade.


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