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AUA Oriental Art

Pottery jar, Neolithic period, Majiayao culture

Pottery jar, Neolithic period, Majiayao culture

Regular price $2,790.00 USD
Regular price Sale price $2,790.00 USD
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Large and small two-handled jars, pitchers, bowls, and beakers are the most common forms produced during the Machang phase of the Majiayao (or Gansu Yangshao) culture. The decorative motifs on Machang-period wares are primarily geometric, featuring curvilinear patterns, cross-hatching, and a variety of shapes such as lozenges, triangles, circles, and squares in endless combinations.

Period: Neolithic period, Presumably from Majiayao culture (ca. 3300–2050 BCE)
Medium : Earthenware with pigment
Type : Jar
Size : 30cm (Height) x 12cm(Mouth Diameter)
Condition : Good(Chip on mouth)
Provenance : Acquired in late 1990s from Hongkong
Reference :
1) Sotheby's New York 28 March 2023 - CHINA / 5000 YEARS - Lot 970
(Price realised : 3,556 USD / Type : Closely related)

2) Bukowski Auktioner - Autumn Classic Sale 559 - Lot 1392
(Price realised : 1,960 USD / Type : Closely related)

* Neolithic pottery

Neolithic pottery from China, dating approximately between 10,000 BCE to 2,000 BCE, is a significant cultural artifact that reflects the rich culture and advanced technology of the region during this era. The pottery found across various regions of China displays unique styles and techniques, indicating a diverse and sophisticated cultural landscape.

During the Neolithic period, pottery in China was predominantly used for agricultural purposes, including storage containers, cooking vessels, and dining utensils. It was common for Neolithic Chinese cultures to decorate pottery with intricate patterns or colors, often reflecting the religious beliefs or life philosophies of the time. For instance, pottery from the Hemudu culture in the Yangtze River basin is known for its black and red patterns, while the Yangshao culture in the Yellow River basin is characterized by its fine linear designs.

The shapes and sizes of Neolithic Chinese pottery varied greatly, influenced by the climate, geography, and natural resources of each region. Some areas prioritized large and heavy storage containers, while others required smaller and more portable bowls for convenience.

Archaeological excavations of this pottery have been crucial in understanding the transition to settled life, the advancement of agricultural techniques, and the complexity of early societies in China. The production techniques and stylistic decorations of the pottery evolved over time, and these variations provide invaluable data for studying the development and cultural exchanges of ancient Chinese societies.

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